Bidirectional scanning in Scanbox

We have implemented bidirectional scanning to Scanbox. To switch between bidirectional and unidirectional scanning all you have to do is hit the toggle button within the “Scanner” panel.

The defaubidirectionallt setting is “U”, standing for unidirectional scanning; hitting the button will switch it to “B”, indicating bidirectional scanning.  You can only switch between the two modes while the microscope is not scanning.

In bidirectional mode scanning samples are obtained while the laser scans in both directions of motion of the resonant mirror, and lines are advanced at both edges of the scan. On the plus side, this means that you can scan the same area twice as fast. You will notice the frame rate box doubling its value when you switch from unidirectional scanning to bidirectional scanning.

However, bidirectional scanning has some drawbacks as well.  First, you should be aware that that the Pockels’ cell will be active during both phases of the scan, while in unidirectional scanning it was active only in one direction. The result is that you will be delivering twice the amount of power onto the tissue, which may limit the length of your experiments due to potential photo-damage. Thus, use bidirectional scanning only if your indicators are fast enough and the scientific question you need to answer requires doubling the scanning speed.

Second, in bidirectional scanning even and odd lines are sampled in different directions, so they should be aligned properly to yield an image without spatial discontinuities. This alignment has to be fine tuned by the user in each setup, as there is variability in the resonant frequency of mirrors, the laser pulse frequency, and the phase of the sync pulse from the resonant mirror controller.

Scanbox allows for this fine tuning by changing a single variable in the configuration file named ‘ncolbi’ — a vector that allows alignment to be fined tuned separately for the three magnification factors.  This is necessary as well because the resonant frequency changes slightly with amplitude.

Once properly tuned, Scanbox performs compensation for non-uniform sampling and the alignment of even/odd lines during bidirectional scanning in real time.  Below is the mean image of 100 frames collected under bidirectional scanning.  You can see the alignment is very good by looking at the fine vertical processes in the image.

Alignment of even/odd lines in bidirectional scanning t 31 frames per second.

A final drawback of bidirectional scanning is that your file size will roughly double. This means that all other processing will also take longer — from aligning the images to extracting the signals.

Having said this, the faster rates achieved in bidirectional scanning will be helpful when coupled with the ability to do volumetric imaging by means of the optotune lens.

The bidirectional mode of Scanbox is now in beta testing.  I have not fully evaluated the extent to which other features of Scanbox, such as real time processing and image stabilization work in bidirectional mode. I welcome feedback from brave users who are willing to test bidirectional mode in their setups.

If you plan on giving bidirectional scanning a try let me know how it goes!  The updated code will be in Scanbox Github shortly.